Boarding structural requirements for dog

Boarding structural requirements for dog


1. The establishment must, at all times, be laid out and operated in accordance with an approved plan, to be attached to the licence.  Before carrying out any alterations, plans must be submitted to and approved by the licensing officer of the local authority.

2. Where wood has been used in existing construction it must be smooth and treated to render it waterproof.  Wood should not be used in exposed construction of walls, floors, partitions, door frames or doors in the dog kennelling area.  There must be no projections liable to cause injury.

3. Fencing materials must be secure and safe.  Welded mesh must be galvanised, not less than 14 gauge (2.0mm), and not greater than 5.0cm mesh size.

4. Sleeping areas of kennels must be so insulated as to prevent extremes of temperature.

5. The construction must be such that security of the dog is ensured.

6. All exterior wood must be properly treated against wood rot.  Only products which are not toxic to dogs may be used.

7. All internal surfaces used in the construction of walls, floors, partitions, doors and door frames to be durable, smooth and waterproof.  There must be no projections or rough edges liable to cause injury.


8. The walls with which dogs may come into contact must be of smooth waterproof materials, capable of being easily cleansed.  Where concrete or other building blocks or bricks are used, they must be sealed so as to be smooth and waterproof, and resealed as necessary.

9. Junctions between vertical and horizontal sections should be coved.  If impractical in existing premises, these joints must be sealed.

10. Partition walls between kennels must be of solid construction to minimum height of 1.2m (4ft).

11. In new construction, in exercise runs the lower section of partitions in adjoining runs must be of solid construction.


12. The floors of all buildings, individual exercise areas and kennels, must be of smooth, waterproof materials, capable of being easily cleansed and in new kennels must incorporate a damp proof membrane. The floor surface must also provide sufficient grip for the animal to walk or run without slipping unduly.

13. All floors of kennels and individual exercise areas must be constructed and maintained in such a condition as to prevent ponding of liquids.

14. In new construction floors must be laid to a minimum fall of 1 in 80 leading to a shallow drainage channel or effectively covered deep drainage channel.


15. Kennel  doors must be strong enough to resist impact and scratching and must be fitted to be capable of being effectively secured. 

16. Where metal bars and frames are used, they must be of suitable gauge (approx. 10-14) with spacing adequate to prevent dogs escaping or becoming entrapped.  Where metal edging is used, this must not present a risk of injury to the dog.

17. Door openings must be constructed such that the passage of water/waste is not impeded, or allowed to gather due to inaccessibility.


18. All windows which pose a security risk must be escape proof at all times.  Protection should be provided by using welded mesh reinforced glass, polycarbonate or other impact resistant material.


19. The establishment must be connected to mains drainage or an approved, localised sewage disposal system.


20. During daylight hours light must be provided to exercise and sleeping areas so that all parts are clearly visible.  Where practicable this must be natural light. 

21. Adequate supplementary lighting must be provided throughout the establishment.  Natural and artificial lighting must be sufficient to allow efficient and safe working after daylight hours.


22. Ventilation must be provided to all interior areas without the creation of excessive, localised droughts in the bedding area.


23. Maintenance and repair of the whole establishment must be carried out regularly.

Unit Size

24. For new kennels each kennel must be provided with a sleeping area of at least 1.9sq.m (20sq.ft).

25. For new kennels each kennel must be provided with an exercise area of at least 2.46sq.m (26sq.ft) - for dogs up to 24 inches high at the shoulder, or 36sq.ft for larger dogs, which is separate from the bedding area and exclusive to that kennel, for free use by the dog at all times except at night.  Roofing at least half of the exercise area to give weather protection is recommended.

26. Kennels must have a minimum internal height of 1.8m (6ft) to facilitate adequate access by kennel staff for cleaning.

27. Kennels and exercise must open onto secure corridors or other secure areas so that dogs are not able to escape from the premises.


28. A written training policy must be provided.  Systematic training of staff must be demonstrated to have been carried out.  This should cover permanent, part time and seasonal workers.


29. Heating facilities must be available in the kennel and used according to the requirements of the individual dog.  This must be capable of dealing with the expected temperature variations during the seasons in which the kennels are to be used.

Kitchen Facilities

30. Exclusive facilities, hygienically constructed and maintained, must be provided for storage and preparation of food for the dogs.

31. A sink with hot and cold water must be provided for the washing of food equipment and eating and drinking vessels.  A separate wash hand basin with hot and cold water must also be provided for staff use.

Isolation Facilities

32. Isolation facilities must be provided.

33. In existing kennels these isolation facilities must be in compliance with the other boarding requirements but must be separate and physically isolated from the main units.  This must be a minimum of 5m (15ft).

34. In isolation kennels, there should be a means of maintaining the temperature at a level suitable for the conditions of the dog and dependent on veterinary advice.

Communal Exercise Areas

35. Communal exercise areas are not generally acceptable. 

Where unavoidable they must not be used by more than one dog at any time, unless they are from the same household.

Proper drainage must be provided, and any faeces must be removed before another dog is allowed to use the area.


West Lindsey District Council
Guildhall, Marshall's Yard
DN21 2NA